Fees and Account Minimums10.0/10
Ease of Use9.6/10
Tools and Resources8.6/10
- Zero trading or asset management fees
- Diversified investment options
- Customizable pie portfolios
- Socially-responsible investment portfolios
- No tax loss harvesting
- Automated service is not ideal for active traders
- Limited customer support
M1 Finance Review
M1 Finance is a robo-advisor that offers customizable portfolio options. M1 also boasts low startup costs and $0 transaction and trading fees. You can start investing on your computer or on-the-go using their mobile app.
M1 Finance was established in 2015 and has quickly become one of the top automated investment platforms.
Many consider M1 to be a perfect blend of a traditional brokerage firm and a hybrid robo-advisor. What makes M1 unique is the investment portfolio template. When setting up your investments, your options are presented as investment pies (pie charts) showing the breakdown of your investment portfolio. We find this to be a great way to visualize a portfolio. We like the flexibility of choosing pre-built expert pies (for beginners) and creating your own pie (for more hands-on investors.)
We have used various robo-advisors and found that M1 Finance’s pie charts make allocating your investment funds simple and easy compared to other dashboards.
M1 Finance offers a transfer bonus of up to $2,500 for transferring your account from another brokerage to M1.
The bonus structure is as follows:
|Account Value||Promotional Credit|
|$20,000 – $100,000||$100|
|$100,000 – $250,000||$250|
|$250,001 – $500,000||$500|
|$500,001 – $1,000,000||$1,000|
Head over to their transfer page to learn more.
M1 Finance Fees & Minimum Balance
M1 Finance is ideal for investors who are just getting started, as there is a $0 minimum balance and zero fees.
M1 has focused on making money through loaning cash through M1 Borrow, interest, and through M1 Spend, so they can eliminate asset management fees for investors.
You can open an account without making an initial deposit. Still, you will need $100 to begin trading and at least $500 for a retirement account. These minimums are lower than most other robo-advisors and provide more investors with an opportunity to start.
There are only a few fees you may incur with M1 Finance: when you sell a stock or ETF, or when your account is inactive. When you sell an ETF or individual stocks, there is a mandatory SEC fee, usually only a few pennies. There is a $20 inactivity fee for accounts over $20 that have no activity for 90+ days.
The premium option, M1 Plus, costs a flat fee of $125 per year.
Historical Performance & Returns
M1 Finance does not provide general information on historical returns, but for good reason; it varies wildly from investor to investor. Depending on which “pies” you’ve chosen, if you’ve modified a pie, or stuck with an expert’s build.
However, I can show you our personal portfolio’s performance.
Our Portfolio’s Performance
In traditional fashion in testing out these robo advisors, we invested $1,000 into M1 Finance on May 20th, 2020. As of July 10th, 2020 (less than two months later), we already have a return of 16.59%! We’re very happy with M1 Finance’s results so far:
If you’re wondering which pie we’re using, it’s a combination of 80% Coatue Management and 20% Responsible Investing:
Expert Pie Performance
M1 Finance does provide performance information on their Expert pies as you’re researching them for your portfolio. Here are a couple examples:
5 Year General Investing Moderate Risk Performance
5 Year Responsible Investing Performance
5 Year Berkshire Hathaway Pie Performance
Account Types and Services
M1 Invest offers taxable, joint, and Roth IRA accounts. You can also invest your money in a Traditional IRA, Rollover IRA, and SEP-IRA account.
M1 Finance’s M1 Invest platform offers pie templates for many types of investment categories. This includes general investing, retirement investing, income portfolios, and hedge funds. As an added plus, M1 offers pies for socially responsible investing, which allows you to invest and make a positive impact.
Like we mentioned earlier, M1 Finance comes with the usual taxable and joint account options, including Roth, Traditional, and Rollover IRAs. And you will need a minimum of $500 to open a retirement account.
We particularly like how the service integrates pie portfolios for impact investors. Thankfully, socially-responsible investing is not a trend or fad; it’s here to stay. We are also seeing other top robo-advisors who are integrating options for socially responsible investing in their portfolios.
What are the downsides of M1? We found two: there is no tax-loss harvesting, and no option to invest in mutual funds. Investors do have the opportunity to invest in a wide variety of ETFs and purchase fractional shares of stock, so your options are not too limited.
M1 Borrow is a low-cost line of credit that allows you to borrow using your M1 Invest balance as collateral. As long as your total account balance is at least $10,000, you can borrow up to 35% of your portfolio balance at a base interest rate of 3.5%.
You can use this line of credit as an emergency fund, for a large purchase, or to consolidate higher-interest debts. M1 Plus members can borrow at a base rate of 2.0%.
Borrow can also be seen as a Margin Account, meaning you can use the money you borrow and reinvest it. Please note that there are some extra risks involved with margin accounts, but the idea is that you can earn more than the borrowing rate (2.0% – 3.5%) by investing it.
Read our full M1 Borrow Review here.
In mid-2019, M1 Finance launched its M1 Spend account – this is a free checking account that offers direct integration with your other M1 services. This checking account has a $0 minimum balance, no monthly or annual fees, and your money is FDIC-insured up to $250,000.
M1 Spend is a great option if you like to keep track of your personal finances in one place. You will be able to transfer your money between M1 Spend, Invest, and Borrow. And M1 will send you a Visa debit card to use at stores and ATMs.
There are more benefits added to this account with an M1 Plus account.
M1 Plus is M1 Finance’s premium membership program. For the $125 annual fee, you have access to several benefits:
- 1.0% APY on your M1 Spend checking account balance
- 1% cash back on all purchases with your M1 Spend card
- A tungsten metal M1 Spend debit card
- Additional trading windows in your M1 Invest account
- 1.5% discount on M1 Borrow line of credit’s interest rate
Is M1 Plus Worth It?
As with most things money-related, it depends on your specific needs and risk tolerance. Deciding if a Plus account is worth the cost depends on your spending and saving habits. The main benefits of a Plus account are the 1% cashback, savings APY, and Borrow discount.
If you have a decent-sized balance in your M1 Spend portfolio (let’s say $10,000) and spend an average of $1,000/month on your debit card, you’re going to have a positive return from investing in the Plus account. But let’s also consider the alternatives.
If you usually have $10,000+ in your checking account with a low or no-interest checking account and don’t have a card with cashback, M1 Plus will be an upgrade.
On the other hand, if you have a larger balance in a high-yield savings account, have a credit card that gives you 1-3% cashback, and pay off your credit card balance every month, you wouldn’t be getting the full advantages.
You also need to consider your habits and convenience. Having all of your investments, checking, and credit all in one place is more convenient. But, you might not get as much of a financial return compared to a more complicated setup.
Overall, M1 Plus is a good investment for some, and it’s not overly expensive. There is a possibility of adding features and benefits that will make Plus appealing to more people in the future. You will need to pay for 12 months upfront, so make sure you’re going to take advantage of all the benefits.
The M1 Spend account by itself doesn’t make much sense unless you enhance it with the M1 Plus benefits; you just need to decide if it’s worth it to you.
The M1 Finance robo-advisor scores high in terms of the flexibility offered to investors. M1 Finance offers incredible portfolio diversity to cater to your specific needs and goals. M1 is designed to help investors reach their long-term goals, retirement portfolios, and general investing, and might not be ideal for day traders or swing traders.
You can choose from one of the pre-made pie investment templates. The pies are based on Modern Portfolio Theory (MPT), which is the same system used by bankers and human advisors.
You can start investing your money in one of the many pre-built pies, or you can customize the pies according to your preferences. M1 Finance manages your account by maintaining all your allocations and automatically rebalancing your investment portfolio as needed.
The service will also allow you to choose your own investments for each pie. Once your account is set up, you will see your performance by looking at your investment pie. You set a target for each slice of your pie, which will appear bigger or smaller, depending on its performance. As you invest in your pie, M1 Finance will move your money to align with your investment goals.
Stock and ETF Trading
In addition to creating a custom pie, you can invest in ETFs and individual stocks. There are more than 2,000 ETFs to choose from, and you can invest in fractional shares of stocks to ensure that all of your money is invested.
M1 Finance offers one trading window to all investors and two possible trading windows for Plus members. This means your trade orders will be completed at 10:00 am EST Money-Friday. You can schedule trades after 10:00, but they won’t be completed until the next business day.
With an M1 Plus account, you will be able to trade in either the 10:00 am window, or the 3:00 pm window. And if you have a balance over $25,000 you can trade in both windows.
If investing becomes overwhelming, you can schedule a free consultation with a human advisor, or read some of the investment education articles on M1’s website.
The customer service offered by M1 is minimal. You are not paying for a financial advisor, so most of the financial decisions you make will need to come from your own research. The M1 team is available to help you with technical issues over the phone and via email. Their website also offers great articles and how-to videos.
Ease of Use
While reviewing the M1 Finance platform, we quickly familiarized ourselves with the pie charts. It allowed us to view our investment allocations with a single glance.
You can click on various portfolio movers to learn more about the company or stock. It will also display the weekly, monthly, and yearly performance of the stocks, along with an estimate of future performance.
You might expect a limited experience if you’re managing investments from your smartphone, but this isn’t the case. The app is easy to use and offers a user-friendly dashboard with all of your account balances. And M1 has an overall rating of 4.6/5 in the App Store.
Unlike some other Robo Advisors, signing up with M1 Finance will not require you to answer surveys and questionnaires. Instead, after signing up you can decide to use either pre-made or custom made pie graphs. Each pie can be divided into as many as 100 slices, where each slice represents an investment.
There are more than 80 pre-made pies for you to choose from. If you don’t find exactly what you want, you can replace any of the ETFs or stocks with whatever you like.
Once you choose how you want to invest, the automated system will handle the rest. M1 Finance gives you control over your investments and also ensures that you will reach your goals.
When you start earning dividends from your investments, you have a few options. You can choose to reinvest all of your cash automatically, invest cash over a set threshold, or hold onto the money. Having the ability to purchase fractional shares is great because you don’t need to wait to buy an individual stock. You can reinvest dividends and grow your account instead of having idle cash.
With no minimum balance or management fees, M1 Finance is perfect for beginner investors. They make it easy to invest how you want to and give you the confidence that your investments will grow over time.
The $100 minimum balance for active trading on an automated investment platform is one of the lowest you will find.
Suitability for Different Budgets
With $0 minimum deposit and zero fees, M1 Finance is perfect for investors of all shapes and sizes. You can open an account with no money at all, but of course your account will need to reach at least $100 to begin investing.
We find M1 Finance to be excellent for new investors. The $100 minimum balance for active trading is the lowest you can find.
From the beginning of this M1 Finance review, it’s clear that M1 Finance is one of the best free robo-advisors available. M1 offers a service that’s easy to use, has zero fees, and offers impact investing,
Some of the other M1 services are going to be valuable to some and not for others. If you have a decent-sized balance in your M1 Invest account and need to borrow some money, the M1 Borrow program is a great way to feel more comfortable investing a more substantial portion of your money.
Since M1 Invest is free, SIPC-insured up to $500,000, and has a very low barrier-of-entry, we think it’s an excellent option for almost everyone looking for a robo-advisor investment platform.
If you’re ready to start investing, and preparing for retirement, sign up for your M1 Finance account today!
Disclaimer: BestRoboAdvisors.org has entered into a referral and advertising arrangement with M1 Finance and receives compensation when you open an account or for certain qualifying activity. You will not be charged a fee for this referral and M1 Finance and BestRoboAdvisors.org are not related entities. It is a requirement to disclose that we earn these fees and also provide you with the latest M1 Finance ADV brochure (PDF) so you can learn more about them before opening an account.